November 2021 ~ WalkBrazil4K Travel Blog
  • Brasilia,Brazil

    Eixo Monumental

  • Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Christ The Redeemer

  • Sao Paulo,Brazil


Tuesday, November 30, 2021

Brazil to shut its borders to six African countries

 RIO DE JANEIRO, Nov 26 (Reuters) - Brazil will shut its borders to travelers arriving from six southern African countries, the chief of staff to President Jair Bolsonaro said on Friday, the latest in a slew of major nations to announce restrictions meant to combat the newly identified Omicron variant of the coronavirus.

"Brazil will close its aerial border to six countries in Africa due to the new coronavirus variant," Chief of Staff Ciro Nogueira wrote in a Twitter post. "We're going to protect Brazilians in this new phase of the pandemic in this country. The official notice will be published tomorrow and will be going into effect on Monday."

The six countries are South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, he said in another Twitter post.

Brazilian health regulator Anvisa had recommended earlier on Friday that travel be restricted from some African countries due to the detection of the new COVID-19 variant.

The European Union and several countries, including Britain and the United States, have also announced tightened border controls as researchers investigate whether the new mutation is vaccine-resistant. 

Brazil's Health Ministry said in a note earlier on Friday that the new B.1.1.529 variant poses a potential future threat, but that its epidemiological impact was unclear.

Bolsonaro told journalists earlier in the day he was considering taking measures related to the variant but continued to emphasize that he was against severe restrictions.

"Brazil can't handle another lockdown. There's no use getting terrified," he said after a military event in Rio de Janeiro. "I'm going to take rational measures."

The World Health Organization has cautioned countries against hastily imposing travel restrictions due to the variant, recommending instead a "risk-based and scientific approach."

In its technical note, Anvisa said that foreigners who have been to at least one of the six African countries cited in the prior 14 days should not be allowed to land in Brazil, while Brazilians arriving from those nations should be required to quarantine.

The news of the variant hammered travel stocks in Brazil throughout Friday.


This is what ogun in brazil looks like

 I told you in  brazil they believe in our African religion

Monday, November 29, 2021

how do i convince her to move from chair to bed after eating indomie

 I saw this on Facebook and it is so funny

How Often Do You Change Your Earphones

This is so annoying, lol. I sell earphones so I always use the cheapest ones, lol. Because I always damage it and in fact the current one that  I am using is expensive, so I always put it inside the pack and put it inside my pocket to protect it, lol but I was wrong I just noticed that one ear is no longer working, lol. This ish is so annoying, I love earphones because I love music, but I am tired of always changing it, but I guess I don't have a choice. Lol, how often do change your earphones please share

6 wonderful Countries On My Bucket List

Brazil has always been my dream country so that is done and dusted, lol, there are other countries that I love to visit, I fell in love with Seoul from watching too many Korean movies, lol

So I would love to visit Seoul, Tokyo, Buenos Aires, Quito, Santiago, and Amsterdam 

Which countries would you love to visit, please share

Brazilian vs Nigerian stereotype

It is so annoying that the western media have brainwashed us all and when you mention Nigeria they would think about fraud and when you mention Brazil they would think about drugs and it is even worse for Mexicans and Arabs. why don't we think of murder when you mention the UK or America, they committed war crimes in Syria killing innocent women and kids.

Let me make this clear Nigerians are not fraudsters we just love noise, the Russians and the Chinese and Ukrainians and the Romanians are worse and even the Americans and the brits are big-time drug dealers and fraudsters or what do you call stealing oil from Africa or stealing oil from Iraq, what is the name for that? MSM just target Nigeria because we are weak as Africans and our leaders are also weak, you would find real fraudsters in the USA, Google Bernie Madoff

Brazil is not a drug-ridden country and Brazil is not all about drugs and in fact, they are very harsh on drugs, America is the largest consumer of narcotics and the biggest drug dealers is the American DEA and the CIA and read about the crack epidemic in the USA, whereby the American DEA flooded the black community with drugs and they used the money to buy weapons for guerrillas fighting communist in South America back then, so tell me, are they not drug dealers? Bolivia expelled the DEA from Bolivia and after that, they didn't have any drug issues.

The MSM use Africans as scape goats, FBI would release a list of wanted fraudsters and you would have nationals of other countries in that list but the FBI won't post it they would only post the Nigerian fraudsters just because we are Africans, when you check that list you would find the Russians, Chinese and people from other countries. why post only Nigerians?

So the western countries are the biggest fraudsters and drug dealers and let me add murderers or what do you call what the King of Belgium did in congo, who would charge the western countries for the fraud, looting, and murders that they committed in Africa? would the ICC charge them? they can't because they control the ICC.remember the stolen artifacts from Benin? France is still doing their thing in Africa till today. we are wiser now, so Nigerians are not fraudsters and Brazilians are not drug dealers, I say this with no apology and I owe you no explanation. we know the truth

Sunday, November 28, 2021

In Brazil when you start hearing fireworks fear not

Just know a football team is winning, it is very intense, I think Palmeiras won yesterday and the fireworks were intense and crazy

Saturday, November 27, 2021

Woman Thinks Undocumented Immigrants Should be Used As Slaves


Beautiful Brazilian Women Dancing In A Pool

beer is cheaper than cocacola in brazil

Brazil is the world's third-largest beer market with a total volume of 139 million hectoliters, and per capita consumption of 61 liters in 2016.

Brazil is the world's third-largest beer market, behind China and the US, with beer volumes in 2015 pegged at 139 million hectoliters. Per capita consumption has declined, dropping from 67 liters in 2012 to around 61 liters in 2016. Despite the weak performance in recent years, outlooks expect per head consumption to increase slightly out to 2021.

Don't you just love brazil, I definitely do, I love brazil with my life.

Friday, November 26, 2021

Did you ever read the constitution of your country

I must confess I have never read or even think of reading the constitution of my home country because it is meaningless, the president of my home country does not obey the constitution and nobody does so why would I waste my time reading an irrelevant document and I would tell you what I did read, the constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil, in fact, I got me a version in  English immediately I landed. 

The Brazilian constitution is a masterpiece, kudos to the men and women that sat down and created this masterpiece. 

In Brazil the constitution is above everyone including the president yes, the constitutional Court(STF) is the highest court in Brazil and they can shut down the president, trust me this means a lot to me because this can't happen in my home country, a judge cant shut down the president of my home country, you dare not because you and your family would be hounded. In fact, once I have a car I would have the Brazilian constitution in my car, so did you ever read the constitution of your home country please share

Thursday, November 25, 2021

can you get the dance step in this video

This is my fav Brazilian funk song and the dance step of the first guy is awesome,real african, I have been trying it out

only those that want to quit beer would understand this

I am in the same boat,it is so hard to stop especially in brazil where beer is as cheap as a can of coca-cola,lol

NoN return Flap Valve solution to snake problem in the Toilet

With the snake in the scare going on in Nigeria now I just need to post this and landlords can change their pipes to Non-Return-Flap-Valve this would keep the rats away and also keep the snakes away because the snakes go after the rats, so when you want to build your house make sure you buy it and if you have built your house change your pipes, so protect yourself because Nigeria does not have anti-venom for the population, in brazil if you get bitten by a cobra your chances of survival is 80%.

About the valve

Drainage Flap valves are designed to protect rooms on lower levels against flooding caused by the backward flow of stormwater and sewage.

Flap valves effectively protect plumbing systems from rats entering the buildings.
These devices are fully self-activating.
Flap valves and drainage flap valves are made from polypropylene of the highest quality with a supplemented regulator which increases the resistance to sunbeams as well as other atmospheric factors. Polypropylene is harmless to the natural environment, resistant to high temperatures (up to 95°C) as well as aggressive chemical agents present in plant protection products.
Flap valves are equipped with gaskets with a brass O-ring which effectively protects against accidental sliding of the device of the pipe.
Flap valves are installed at the end of sanitary sewage pipes entering collection wells, cesspits, or drainage pipes leading storm water to ditches or rivers.

Wednesday, November 24, 2021

is it right for a man and woman to split bills on their first date

well, i am old school and I believe a man should foot the bills on a first date with a woman,but it would also be nice if the woman offers to add but i would still refuse, what do you think

Tuesday, November 23, 2021

Would there be a beer revolution in brazil

Whatever you don't touch the Brazilian man's beer as beer is the most consumed beverage in Brazil and you can increase the prices of gas and the rest but please leave our beer alone, 9-5 workers like us need cheap beer to relax like I told you before the price of beer is as cheap as a can of Coca-Cola, so leave our beer alone increase anything you like but do not touch our beer, lol

How I was able to pick up português very fast

When I arrived in Brazil I was always asking myself if I would ever be able to learn the language but today I am better, not out of A level yet though, lol, I still speak broken português and I still don't understand many things

The easiest way to learn faster is to start by learning like a child in nursery school

Start with  1-100,a-z,colours, greetings, items

There are many videos on YouTube that can help you learn faster and you need to get a book and write them down and cram it

Uber Eats Begins Delivering Marijuana In Canada

The Brazilian government needs to act fast people need medical cannabis without THC for health issues, even the USA that was busy jailing people have legalized it in almost all the states in the USA, in Brazil a woman took the Brazilian government to court to allow her to grow at home for her sick son and she won. 

The country has had legal use for three years and has seen an expansion of recreational and medical use

Anyone accessing Uber Eats in Canada now has the option to purchase Tokyo Smoke brand marijuana. Since 2018, adult and recreational use of marijuana is allowed in the country. The service started working this Monday.

The company's CEO, Dara Khosrowshahi, which is based in the United States, had already had the intention to add the product to the menus of Uber Eats there. But the country has not yet authorized delivery operations, even in states with the most liberalizing regulation, such as California, Colorado, and New York.

Canadian news site Toronto Star says Uber's partnership with Tokyo Smoke should help deal with illegal producers and sellers, which still hold much of the consumption. The partnership should help to dislodge legal products from stocks of official marijuana brands, according to the newspaper.

In a report released in September, analyst firm New Frontier Data said global sales of cannabis for recreational use through legal sources totaled $23.7 billion in 2020. The US alone was responsible for 20.3 billion of that total.

Canada is next to most states in the United States, Uruguay, and South Africa on the list of places that allow a legal marijuana market. Most other countries moving forward on the issue have only decriminalized, but without further legalization and market creation.

In the case of the medicinal use of marijuana derivatives, the story is different. There are more than 30 countries, including Brazil, where the use of herbal medicines is allowed.

The main difference between the two segments is that medicinal products usually have a low concentration of the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), focusing on cannabidiol (CBD). The herb, on the other hand, for recreational use tends to have higher levels of this substance.

In the medical case, CBD brings improvements proven in scientific research to refractory epilepsy, muscle stiffness due to multiple sclerosis and chronic pain. The psychoactive THC also has proven properties in low doses to combat chemotherapy side effects, such as nausea.

In a press release, Uber Eats Canada general manager Lola Kassim said safety is one of the partnership's premises.

"By combining a streamlined ordering process through the Uber Eats app with Tokyo Smoke's face-to-face collection service, we are creating a new end-to-end experience for responsible cannabis ordering across the province."

The company's note also highlights that delivery should contribute to traffic safety, as consumers will no longer need to leave their homes to get marijuana.

A Twitter user posted a post on Monday of what Tokyo Smoke's menu looks like within the app. However, deliveries had not yet started.

"I woke up with this news: Uber enters the growing cannabis market with Ontario deliveries. This is what the store looks like at Uber Eats. I'm just waiting until 9 am to order."


Monday, November 22, 2021

You can make money by selling beer in Brazil

Beer is the most consumed beverage in Brazil and like I told you before it is normal to see people drinking beer in the morning in Brazil everyone loves beer and I also love beer and Brazilians can't do without beer, so you can also do a beer business and sell in wholesale and wherever your shop is located Brazilians would buy.

Brazil is the world's third-largest beer market, behind China and the US, with beer volumes in 2015 pegged at 139 million hectoliters. Per capita consumption has declined, dropping from 67 liters in 2012 to around 61 liters in 2016. Despite the weak performance in recent years, outlooks expect per head consumption to increase slightly out to 2021. The on-trade channel accounted for 60% of sales in 2016. As is the case with the market's overall volumes, and per capita consumption, on-trade sales have been adversely impacted by an unfavorable economic situation.

Beer is the most competitive sector of the alcoholic drinks market in Brazil, and the big global beer companies like  InBev and FEMSA compete strongly for market share.

Christmas has already started in brazil

As you all know Brazil is a Christian country with strong Christian values and Christmas in Brazil is always magical and they celebrate it very well, look at the pictures below they are already selling Christmas trees and shops have started displaying Christmas stuff.

Brazilian Police Dog Eddy, PMDF, dies at 4 years old

The policemen were really sad look at their faces, RIP EDDY

Eddy was a Belgian Shepherd dog and, according to the PMDF, was at the peak of his professional life.

The Battalion of Policing with Dogs (BPCães/PMDF) lost a member on Thursday (18). The dog Eddy, 4 years old, died due to complications from a gastric torsion (when the stomach dilates and turns on itself).

Eddy was a Belgian Shepherd dog and, according to the PMDF, was at the height of his professional life, leading drug and other seizures for the past two years.

The police officer arrived at BPCães as a puppy, in 2018. With less than a year, he began to be trained as a 'recruit' for another member of the battalion, Charlotte.

Moved, policeman Salviano lamented the loss of the dog. “Eddy is a son to me. I learned a lot from him in training”, he says, with pride.

The Nice Nigerian restaurant owner in Sao Paulo Brazil

When I landed in Brazil I went straight to my hotel but I love walking so I wanted to go look for food and to buy an extension to charge my phone although the hotel gave me one but I wanted to buy mine, so I went outside armed with my Google translator and I wanted to eat in the hotel but when I checked the prices I was like Nah, lol. As a traveler, I know hotel foods are always expensive.

I went downstairs and I took a bus, lol and I was standing by the window looking for black people, lol and immediately we got to one area I saw black people selling on the street and I was like yes these are my people, I alighted from the bus and talked to one of the black guys I saw, he was from Senegal and the guy actually directed me to where I bought my first sim card in Brazil.

I could not get any food so I went back to my hotel room and I started checking online and I stumbled on a blogger that was talking about African foods in Brazil and that was how I got to know the Nigerian man's shop his name is pastor and he is very popular in Sao Paulo, I got the address from the blog and I headed to the restaurant.

When I got to his restaurant I knew I was at home, Nigerians kept trooping in and out and I saw a poster of saheed osupa nearby and I knew I was in Naija, lol.

The man and his wife are good people and I got some advice from him and I was grateful and also I was able to even change money from him because he is into BDC as well

I quickly told him to serve me my favorite egusi and semo, he sells it for 10reais with 3 hefty meat and one free bottle of water, it was so delicious and I had to order more and I came back every day until I left Sao Paulo.

So whenever you are in Sao Paulo Brazil, visit the man's restaurant and you would never regret it, here is the address, just take an uber ride to the place and enjoy

I learned one valuable lesson after meeting that man and that is "Be good to people", I met a guy at the Nigerian embassy and we talked about this same man and the guy told me that the man and his wife and wonderful people and they helped him when he first arrived in Brazil, so always do good, below is the delicious plate of egusi and semo

Saturday, November 20, 2021

Kudos to Brazilian health workers and health workers all over the world

First I must commend and salute all health workers worldwide and especially those in Brazil and to the ones that we lost to the pandemic may they rest in peace and we shall never forget. we appreciate all your work, sacrifices, and efforts to keep us safe, and may the good Lord continue to protect you and guide you all. Amen

Thursday, November 18, 2021

did the united states commit war crimes in syria

I am not shocked after watching this video because I know the world powers and especially the USA are all hypocrites and they are all the same and the USA is no saint like they always claim to be they are just like Russia and China. imagine killing over 70 women and children, this is why the USA is refusing to join the ICC.who would charge the USA for war crimes?, I am smart enough to know that the USA is the biggest scam in the world, stolen money from Africa are lodged in the USA and in other western countries including British controlled countries, so tell me are they not fantastically corrupt?

Tauguatinga The economic capital of Brasilia,brazil

 Taguatinga is an administrative region in the Federal District in Brazil.

Taguatinga has developed especially in function of commerce and jobs that its population obtained. It became an important commercial center in the Federal District and pole of attraction
for the population of nearby cities, harboring large shopping centers. Taguatinga today is one of the richest regions of the Federal District, today being is considered the economic capital of the Federal District.

Tuesday, November 16, 2021

What you need to do immediately you arrive in Brazil

The first thing you should do when you arrive in Brazil is to drop your Nigerian Mentality of importing a wife from Nigeria and I mean if you are single because I have seen many men get stuck for years because they want to import a wife from Nigeria, all kids are the same and it does not matter if the kid is brown(mixed). Look for a woman and start your life in Brazil.

Then you can start building your credit profile because with that you can do anything that you want to do because me for example I don't buy my goods with cash, I use credit and I pay it off at the end of the month and this helps a lot because I know I would surely sell them before the end of the month and pay off the credit.

So once you land and you want to live in Brazil you need to get into the system and start your life immediately.

The conversation I had with a guy at the Nigerian embassy in Brazil

I went to the Nigerian embassy in Brazil to renew my Nigerian passport, (for the last time) lol. I was new then so I was listening more, we had many guys that came in from outside Brazil to renew their passports, a guy came in from Chile and some from Sao Paulo and from other parts of Brazil and we were all gisting about Nigerian issues and everything going on in Nigeria.

I was asking the guy from Sao Paulo some questions about brazil because he has been in Brazil for more than 4 years.

He said don't listen to people they would tell you Brazil is this and that, don't listen to them and he told me Brazil is a country with human rights and the rule of law and he painted a very good picture of Brazil and he even told me a Brazilian accommodated and helped him when he first arrived in Brazil. 

What the guy told me was so true when I arrive in Brazil I heard so many scary stories from Nigerians about brazil but look at me today, I understand everything about this wonderful country and its simple do your thing and mind your business, everything I was told about brazil was not true.


Whenever you land in a new country there are people that would try to discourage you and again it all depends on your click, a Nigerian told me I can't find a teaching job(for selfish reasons) and my other Nigerian friend was willing to hook me up with a teaching job so you see it depends on your click, you can listen to different opinions from Nigerians but follow your heart. 

The first pictures I took when i arrived in Brazil

I remember back then when I  was looking for the best country to relocate to and start a family, I discovered this wonderful country called Brazil, it was so perfect for me even without stepping foot in the country, I loved everything about brazil, as a black man I wanted to go to a place where I would fit in and trust me I fit in perfectly in brazil and if you have lived in a white majority country you would understand what I mean, I wanted a place where I can blend in perfectly and of all the countries in South America that I was researching about Brazil was the country I choose, come on we have 15m black people in Brazil. like I wrote in one my previous write-up, I said brazil is a mixture of Europe and Africa.

Brazil is my America it was Brazil for me or nothing, I have traveled around a bit but my heart was still in Brazil because I knew my destiny is in Brazil and I was right. 

I  remember every detail, from when I landed in Brazil it was a moment that I would never forget and I am going to write about my journey to this wonderful country. 

I am in the hospitality business so I love making videos and taking photos, the photos you see below are the first photos I took when I landed in Brazil, and those that know Sao Paulo very well would recognize that place, it was the happiest days of my life

All I can say is if you have a dream work on it and you would achieve it, can you remember the first photo you took when you landed in your dream country, please share 



I bumped into Brazilian(indians) from the amazon

I was shooting my videos and I bumped into Brazilians(Indians) from the amazon and I had to walk around and I took that picture and what I noticed is that they all have those kinds of tattoos you see in the picture and at first I thought they were clothes until I looked closely and they mostly don't speak Portuguese because I was saying Hi but nobody was responding, it was a good experience for me to see people from the amazon without even going to Manaus(Amazonas)



How much is covid 19 test in your country

Is it no news that Brazil was hard hit by covid 19 and in fact, we are still feeling the effect and I came across this poster in my area and the cost of covid blood test is 65 reais($12)5000k naira and the Swab test is 125 reais($23)9500naira. How much is a covid test in your country please share



Ladies What Do You Think About This Song

I love Mc Dricka and this song is lovely and it is just ladies only, tell me what you think

Brazilians Face Racism and Xenophobia in Portugal

Is Racism about the color of your skin or wealth?

Reports of Xenophobia against Brazilians in Portugal Increased 150% in One Year

Complaints of ethnic and racial discrimination also increased 93.3 percent over 2017

Complaints of ethnic and racial discrimination in Portugal skyrocketed in 2018, up 93.3% over the previous year.

Reports of xenophobia against Brazilians—the largest immigrant community in the country— increased even more: 150% in 12 months.

The numbers come from a recent report by the Commission for Equality and against Racial Discrimination (CICDR), an organization that works to prevent and fight against discriminatory practices in Portugal.

According to the report, last year there were 45 registered complaints of xenophobia with Brazilians as the target. In 2017 there were 18.

The most recent data from Portugual's Border and Immigrant Services (SEF) shows that the number of Brazilian living legally in Portugal increased 5.1% in 2017, the highest level since 2010 when almost 120 thousand Brazilians were living in the country.

In 2016, there were 81,251 Brazilians in Portugal and this increased to 85,426 the following year—data from 2018 is not yet available.

The number of Brazilians in Portugal is probably much higher as the number above does not include those in an irregular situation or those who have dual citizenship.

The report shows that xenophobia against Brazilians is the third leading cause of discrimination in Portugal, making up 13% of reports. First are discriminatory acts against gypsies, with 21.4% of cases, followed by reports of racism, with 17.3%.

In Portugal, unlike Brazil, racism is not a crime, but rather a misdemeanor, a less severe occurrence, which provides for lighter penalties like fines.

Xenophobia prompted Brazilian students to protest at the entrance of a law school in Lisboa


Monday, November 15, 2021

Life Lesson:Turtle Gets Bullied By A Fish

Which life lesson did you learn from this video, The lesson I learned,do not  eat something that belongs to someone else, leave your comments

Meet The Wonderful Princess That Abolished Slavery In Brazil

 Dona Isabel nicknamed "the Redemptress",was the Princess Imperial (heir presumptive to the throne) of the Empire of Brazil and the Empire's regent on three occasions. Born in Rio de Janeiro as the eldest daughter of Emperor Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina, she was a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza (Portuguese: Bragança). After the deaths of her two brothers in infancy, she was recognized as her father's heir presumptive. She married a French prince, Gaston, Count of Eu, in an arranged marriage, and they had three sons.

During her father's absences abroad, Isabel acted as regent. In her third and final regency, she actively promoted and ultimately signed a law, named Lei Áurea or the Golden Law, emancipating all slaves in Brazil. Even though the action was broadly popular, there was strong opposition to her succession to the throne. Her gender, strong Catholic faith and marriage to a foreigner were seen as impediments against her, and the emancipation of the slaves generated dislike among powerful planters. In 1889, her family was deposed in a military coup, and she spent the last 30 years of her life in exile in France. 



Historian Roderick J. Barman wrote that "in the view of posterity, [Isabel] acted decisively only once on a single issue: the immediate abolition of slavery". It is for this achievement that she is remembered. As explained by Barman, paradoxically this "principal exercise of power by which posterity alone remembers her ... contributed to her exclusion from public life". Isabel herself wrote, on the day after the republican coup d'état that deposed her father, "If abolition is the cause for this, I don't regret it; I consider it worth losing the throne for. 


Princess Isabel around age 41, c. 1887 


Tomb of Princess Isabel (far left) at the Imperial Mausoleum, within the Cathedral of Petrópolis, Brazil



Brazil Became A Republic On This Day 15 November 1889

The Proclamation of the Republic (Portuguese: Proclamação da República do Brasil) was a military coup d'état that established the First Brazilian Republic on 15 November 1889. It overthrew the constitutional monarchy of the Empire of Brazil and ended the reign of Emperor Pedro II.

The coup took place in Rio de Janeiro, then the capital of the Empire, when a group of military officers of the Imperial Army, led by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, staged a coup d'état without the use of violence, deposing Emperor Pedro II and the President of the Council of Ministers of the Empire, the Viscount of Ouro Preto.

A provisional government was established that same day, 15 November, with Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as President of the Republic and head of the interim Government.

Main article: Apogee of Pedro II of Brazil
Allegory of the Republic (1896), painting by Manuel Lopes Rodrigues in the Bahia Art Museum

From the 1870s, in the aftermath of the Paraguayan War (also called the War of the Triple Alliance, 1864-1870), some sectors of the elite transitioned into opposition to the current political regime. Factors that influenced this movement included:

    The Emperor Pedro II had no male children, only daughters. The throne would be occupied, after his death, by his eldest daughter, Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, married to a Frenchman, Prince Gaston, Count of Eu, which generated fear among some elites that the country would be ruled by a foreigner.
    The slaveholding agrarian elite resented the abolition of slavery, which they considered to be a personal desire of the imperial family.
    The positivist and republican ideas of Auguste Comte spread among members of the Brazilian Army, increasing resentment of the monarchy.

Political situation in 1889

The 37th and last ministerial cabinet of the imperial government was inaugurated on 7 June 1889, under the command of the President of the Council of Ministers of the Empire, Afonso Celso de Assis Figueiredo, the Viscount of Ouro Preto of the Liberal Party. Finding himself in a difficult political situation, Celso presented a program of political reforms to the Chamber of Deputies in a last desperate attempt to save the Empire. These reforms included, among others, the following measures: greater autonomy and administrative freedom for the provinces (a federal system), universal suffrage, freedom of education, reduction the Council of State's powers, and non-lifelong mandates for the Imperial Senate. His proposals aimed at preserving the monarchical regime in the country, but they were vetoed by the majority of conservative deputies who controlled the General Chamber. On 15 November 1889, the republic was proclaimed by the positivist troops, with the support of the agrarian elite, who resented not being compensated for the loss of their slaves after abolition. 


Proclamation of the Republic, by Benedito Calixto (1893)




Sunday, November 14, 2021

The New Brazilian Air Force Fighter Jet

The first Swedish Gripen E jet purchased by Brazil is soon to begin its flight tests; acquisition of the 36 aircraft included a technology transfer package


Nearly five years after signing the purchase contract for the next-generation Gripen Swedish fighters that will soon be joining the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) fleet, the first jet is ready to fly. It’s due to take off in August from the Saab AB runway in Linköping, Sweden, a city of 150,000 located 220 kilometers from the country’s capital, Stockholm, and begin its flight test campaign. This is the final stage before the planes are delivered, which is slated to begin in 2021. Until then, the fighter jets will be subjected to an exhaustive battery of trials, where all their systems and components will be put to the test.


The purchase of the military jets, named the Gripen E (single-seat model) and F (dual-seat model), was made official on October 24, 2014, after a process that began more than a decade earlier. The aircraft won the FX-2 Program competition, aimed at modernizing Brazilian fighter aviation, surpassing the Boeing F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet from the United States, and the French Dassault Rafale F3. The Swedish supersonic aircraft will immediately replace the Air Force’s outdated Mirage F-2000, which has already been deactivated, and in the medium to long term, will also replace its F-5M and A-1M fighter jets. The package of 36 (28 single-seat and 8 dual-seat) jets cost 39.3 billion Swedish kronor, currently equivalent to US$4.1 billion, or R$15.5 billion. The last of the jets are to be delivered to the FAB in 2024.


“The Gripen E/F is an excellent fourth generation fighter, has great performance, and is designed to be relatively inexpensive, easy to maintain, and responsive enough to combat any attacker,” says engineer Álvaro Martins Abdalla, a specialist in aircraft design at the University of São Paulo’s São Carlos School of Engineering (EESC-USP). The Saab jet, which was similar in performance to its competition, won out for two main reasons. The first was the value of the deal.


“In terms of operating cost and overall transaction value, the Gripen E/F was a wise choice. It’s one of the cheapest fighters on the market, with good radar and supersonic speed,” emphasizes Richard Aboulafia, an aviation industry analyst and vice president at Teal Group, a US consulting firm specializing in aerospace and defense. “However, I believe it would have made more sense to choose the F/A-18E/F if Brazil were looking for jets that also operated from Navy aircraft carriers, and not just to work for the Air Force.”


Jet destined for the Swedish Air Force, same as the model acquired by Brazil

Saab employees assemble the first jet intended for the Brazilian Air Force

Gripen E cockpit showing WAD (yellow cockpit screen) and HUD displays (projections in green on forward display)

Pilot wears helmet that will feature HMD avionics  






Brazilian viper venom may become tool in fight against COVID, study shows

SAO PAULO, - Brazilian researchers have found that a molecule in the venom of a type of snake inhibited coronavirus reproduction in monkey cells, a possible first step toward a drug to combat the virus causing COVID-19.

A study published in the scientific journal Molecules this month found that the molecule produced by the jararacussu pit viper inhibited the virus's ability to multiply in monkey cells by 75%.

"We were able to show this component of snake venom was able to inhibit a very important protein from the virus," said Rafael Guido, a University of Sao Paulo professor and an author of the study.

The molecule is a peptide, or chain of amino acids, that can connect to an enzyme of the coronavirus called PLPro, which is vital to reproduction of the virus, without hurting other cells.

Already known for its antibacterial qualities, the peptide can be synthesized in the laboratory, Guido said in an interview, making the capture or raising of the snakes unnecessary.

"We're wary about people going out to hunt the jararacussu around Brazil, thinking they're going to save the world ... That's not it!" said Giuseppe Puorto, a herpetologist running the Butantan Institute's biological collection in Sao Paulo. "It's not the venom itself that will cure the coronavirus."

Researchers will next evaluate the efficiency of different doses of the molecule and whether it is able to prevent the virus from entering cells in the first place, according to a statement from the State University of Sao Paulo (Unesp), which was also involved in the research.

They hope to test the substance in human cells but gave no timeline.

The jararacussu is one of the largest snakes in Brazil, measuring up to 6 feet (2 meters) long. It lives in the coastal Atlantic Forest and is also found in Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina.